The layout of the Russian letters on the keyboard is close to the standard used on Russian computers and typewriters, except for the addition of the Yoh (e-dieresis) letters. These two letters are not normally used in Russian texts. Another modification substitutes the long dash for the number symbol. The long dash is often used in Russian text as equivalent to quotation marks, while the number symbol (omitted here) is a character used on some Russian typewriters. Often called the Standard Russian Keyboard, this has been recommended for general use by the American Association of Teachers of Slavic and Eastern European Languages. The positions of punctuation marks and other symbols are not standardized, and this layout is a compromise.


This is the so-called "homophonic" arrangement in which the Russian letters replace English letters that are similar in sound or appearance. The layout used here is one that was developed by the Harriman Institute of Columbia University. It is often called the QWERTY arrangement, or the Student's keyboard, since it is widely used by those first learning the Russian language. Both these keyboards are available in Volga-Writer, and the user can switch between them. Either one can be set as the default keyboard.


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